What Is Hul Diwas?

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What Is Hul Diwas?

Hul Diwas, also known as Hul Divas or Hool Diwas, is a significant day in the history of India that commemorates the heroic revolt of tribal leaders against oppressive British colonial rule. This day is celebrated in the memory of the brave souls who fought for their rights and freedom in the tribal region of Jharkhand. In this blog, we will explore the history and significance of Hul Diwas and the enduring legacy of this remarkable rebellion.

The Hul Rebellion: A Tale Of Resistance

The Hul Rebellion, which took place in 1855, was a pivotal moment in the struggle for independence from British colonialism. It was sparked by the unjust policies and taxation imposed on the tribal communities of Chotanagpur (now in the state of Jharkhand) by the British East India Company. The rebellion was led by the tribal heroes Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu, and their brothers, who rallied the tribal communities to resist the exploitation and oppression they faced.

Key Aspects Of The Hul Rebellion:

  1. Oppressive Land Policies: The British colonial authorities imposed land settlements that left tribal communities deprived of their traditional rights and access to their lands.
  2. Excessive Taxation: The tribals were subjected to heavy taxation and forced labor, causing immense suffering and economic hardship.
  3. The Revolt: In response to these injustices, the Hul Rebellion began on June 30, 1855, with the Santals (tribal people) under the leadership of Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu. The rebellion was marked by guerrilla warfare, attacks on British officials, and attempts to reclaim their land and freedom.
  4. Legacy of Resistance: While the rebellion was eventually suppressed by the British, it left a lasting legacy of resistance and defiance against colonial oppression.

Significance Of Hul Diwas

  1. Remembrance of Tribal Heroes: Hul Diwas is a day to remember and honor the courage and sacrifice of the tribal leaders and their followers who fought for their rights and freedom.
  2. Preservation of Cultural Heritage: It emphasizes the importance of preserving the rich cultural heritage of tribal communities and their unique way of life.
  3. Empowerment of Indigenous Communities: Hul Diwas serves as a reminder of the ongoing struggles faced by indigenous and tribal communities in India and the need to protect their rights and dignity.
  4. Historical Awareness: Celebrating Hul Diwas also raises awareness about lesser-known chapters in Indian history, highlighting the stories of those who resisted colonial rule.

Celebrations On Hul Diwas

Hul Diwas is marked by various events and activities:

  1. Tribal Rallies: People, especially from tribal communities, participate in rallies and processions to pay tribute to the tribal leaders and their legacy of resistance.
  2. Cultural Programs: Cultural events, dance performances, and folk music are organized to celebrate and showcase the unique traditions and heritage of tribal communities.
  3. Tribal Art Exhibitions: Traditional tribal art and crafts are often exhibited, providing a platform for local artisans to showcase their skills and craftsmanship.
  4. Educational Programs: Seminars and workshops are conducted to educate people about the historical significance of Hul Diwas and the broader issues of tribal rights and social justice.


Hul Diwas is a day to reflect on the resilience, bravery, and determination of the tribal communities who stood up against oppressive colonial rule. The rebellion led by Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu serves as a beacon of hope and inspiration for those who continue to strive for justice and equality in today’s world. It is a reminder of the importance of preserving cultural diversity and protecting the rights of indigenous and tribal communities. Hul Diwas is not just a day to remember history; it is a day to recommit to the principles of justice and equality that these heroes fought for.


What Is The Meaning Of Hul Diwas?

Context: Jharkhand celebrates June 30 as ‘Hul Diwas’, commemorating the sacrifice of Adivasis in their fight against British colonial authorities. About Hul Diwas: The literal meaning of ‘Hul’ – is revolution which began in 1855. Leaders: It was led by two brothers Sidhu and Kanhu.

What Is The Importance Of Hul Diwas?

1. Hul Diwas marks the beginning of Santhal Rebellion. 2. Santhal rebellion is also considered the first war for Indian independence by some historians.

Who Celebrates Hul Diwas?

Every year, the state of Jharkhand celebrates June 30 as ‘Hul Diwas’, marking the beginning of the rebellion, even though some historical accounts date it to the first week of July instead.

What Do You Mean By Santhal Hul?

The Santhal rebellion (also known as the Sonthal rebellion or the Santhal Hool), was a rebellion in present-day Jharkhand and West Bengal against the East India Company (EIC) and zamindari system by the Santhal.

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