What are the differences between 14, 18, 22, OR 24 Karat Gold?

When you’re purchasing gold, there are a lot more things to keep in mind than just the Delhi gold rate or the rate in Nagpur. One such factor crucial to gold is knowing about the karats in gold. With so many karats from which to choose, how can you be sure you’re getting the best option for your needs? If you’re in search of gold jewellery that will stand the test of time and go with everything, you should understand what a karat is?

A karat is an indication of how pure the gold alloy is. The purer the gold, the higher its karat value. Ten-karat gold is 10 parts gold and 14 parts other metals, yielding 14/24ths (just over 58%) pure gold in the alloy. Coinage gold (22 karats) means that the metal comprises 916/1,000ths pure gold.

So How does this relate to the actual quality of gold? Let’s find out about gold karats in detail:

  • 24K (100% pure gold)

This type of gold is often too soft for practical use, so it’s seldom used in jewellery making. The exception to this rule would be in cases where a person chooses to have a piece dipped in 24k, such as religious medals or charms. You can identify items made from 24k by their “999” hallmark

  • 22K (91.6% pure)

If you are a regular investor you must have run into metrics like gold rate today Vijayawada 22k or for whichever city you are interested in. this metric basically tells you about the price of 22K gold in that particular city. These gold are just as sought after as their 24K sibling.

22K yellow gold rings are made with 91.6% pure gold and 8.4% alloyed metals – usually copper, silver, nickel, zinc, etc., to make the metal harder and stronger. It’s quite popular in India because it has an intense yellow colour (much brighter than 18K) and therefore it’s easily recognizable as real gold. 

In this blend, high-quality pieces are created with almost pure gold mixed with only 8.4% metals like silver or copper to add strength to the metal — but at a slightly higher price point than 18K pieces. 22k is too soft for most people’s uses, so although you may see some 22k jewellery for sale, it’s not as common as 14k or 18k jewellery in most stores.

  • 18K (75% pure gold)

This is the type of gold jewellery you’ll find at most jewellery stores. It’s strong yet very affordable, with 75% pure gold, 18 parts out of 24. 18K gold may come in yellow, white or rose colours. This alloy contains more gold than 14K, so it’s softer and has a richer colour. It’s not as resistant to scratching but is a great choice for pieces you don’t wear daily or that you want to make a statement with. 18K is often used in high-end jewellery designs.

  • 14K (58.3% pure gold)

This type of gold is perfect for those who need a durable piece that will stand up to everyday wear and tear. 14K gold contains 58.3% pure gold and 41.7% alloy metals such as silver or copper to add strength and durability. This type of gold is ideal for rings and bracelets and it is the most popular karat as it provides more durability while still retaining a high percentage of its inherent “gold” value.


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